Leibniz Arrives at Monads

Jonathan Bennett

in Learning from Six Philosophers Volume 1

Published in print February 2001 | ISBN: 9780198250913
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597053 | DOI:

Series: Learning from Six Philosophers (2 Volumes)

 Leibniz Arrives at Monads

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  • History of Western Philosophy


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Leibniz held that there are no material substances (because of divisibility), and that there are immaterial substances, which he called ‘monads’. They are absolutely real; bodies are appearances of monads, and are phenomenal; space and time are ideal. Leibniz is not an idealist. His reasons for holding that all minds are monads and his further reason (his gradualism) for holding that all monads are mindlike are also given.

Keywords: divisibility; gradualism; ideal; idealism; Leibniz; matter; mind; monad

Chapter.  8580 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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