Chapter

The Making of Christian Societies

Ian Breward

in A History of the Churches in Australasia

Published in print December 2001 | ISBN: 9780198263562
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600418 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198263562.003.0003

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 The Making of Christian Societies

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Visions of a Christian society in the South Pacific varied within Protestantism, as well as between Protestants and Roman Catholics. Some settlers argued for a secular society, as distinct from one without religious tests or an established church. Primary education was the main area of disagreement, with secular systems established in most colonies by the 1870s, leaving Roman Catholics and Lutherans to finance their own schools. Pressures for political and religious cooperation were strong, leading to Methodist and Presbyterian unions and federation of the Australian colonies. Land wars in New Zealand and New Caledonia left a bitter legacy.

Keywords: Catholic schools; Federation; Land wars; Lutherans; New Caledonia; Protestantism; reunion; Roman Catholics; secular education; South Pacific

Chapter.  23097 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Christianity

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