Chapter

The Lion Revived: Ethiopia in the Nineteenth Century

Adrian Hastings

in The Church in Africa, 1450-1950

Published in print March 1996 | ISBN: 9780198263999
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600623 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198263996.003.0006

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 The Lion Revived: Ethiopia in the Nineteenth Century

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Covers the revival of Christianity in Ethiopia in the nineteenth century, after it had retreated to mere pockets, and pagan or Muslim Galla had settled over considerable areas of what had once been strongly Christian territory. The revival started with the arrival of German missionaries in 1830, and these were followed by other Europeans. The struggle between Protestantism and Catholicism in the re‐establishment of the Ethiopian Church, and the efforts of King Tewodros (1855–68) to restore a united Christian Church are recounted. The last part of the chapter covers the reign of Yohannes IV (1872–89) and his efforts to unite the Church in Ethiopia, the expansion of Shoa (one of the three main regions of Ethiopia), and defeat of the Italian army under King Menelik, which led to a revival of a literate Christianity rooted in the far past.

Keywords: Catholicism; Christianity; Ethiopia; Europe; Germany; history; Islam; Italy; missionaries; Protestantism

Chapter.  8257 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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