A Variety of Scrambles: 1890–1920

Adrian Hastings

in The Church in Africa, 1450-1950

Published in print March 1996 | ISBN: 9780198263999
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600623 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 A Variety of Scrambles: 1890–1920

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Discusses conversion to Christianity in Africa in the period 1890 to 1920. There are two main sections: ‘The context of conversion’, and ‘The shaping of conversion’. The first section starts by discussing why and how there was such a scramble to convert. It goes on to discuss Islam within this scramble, missionaries, and the politics of partition, the changing shape of missionary endeavour, the ownership of land, and missionaries as critics of colonialism. The second section discusses some southern examples of black evangelism; West African conversion movements in the Age of the Liberian prophet William Wade Harris; the catechist and his tools; the logics of conversion; mass conversion in Buganda in the 1890s; Buganda as a model for its neighbours; comparison between conversions in Buganda and elsewhere in Africa; varieties of Ethiopianism; and the impact of World War I.

Keywords: Africa; Buganda; Christianity; colonialism; conversion; Ethiopia; evangelism; William Wade Harris; history; Islam; Liberia; partition; West Africa; World War I

Chapter.  39593 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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