Chapter

The Christological Problem in the Early Middle Ages <sup>1</sup>

J. M. Hussey

in The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire

Published in print August 1990 | ISBN: 9780198264569
Published online April 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601170 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198264569.003.0002

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 The Christological Problem in the Early Middle Ages 1

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Begins by briefly discussing the Orthodox Church in the late Roman and early mediaeval periods, and pointing out that the theological problems between the popes and emperors that arose in the early Middle Ages were simply a continuation of the gradual formulation of Christian doctrine that had already been taking place. However, the particular controversies in the seventh century can be traced back to the council of Chalcedon in 451, which had stated that Christ had two natures—the divine and human—but only one person or hypostasis or will; this is the doctrine of monotheletism, and its supporters are dyophysites. The opposing view, that in Christ there is but one nature, is supported by the monophysites, and the doctrine of monoenergism, which was suggested as a means of reconciling the two views, uses the formula of ‘one activity and one will’. These matters are addressed in the first three sections of the chapter. The last section discusses the disciplinary canons raised at the Quinisextum council held at Trullo in 691–2, which also gave rise to disputes between the popes and the emperors.

Keywords: Byzantium; Christ; discipline; dyophysites; mediaeval history; monoenergism; monophysites; monotheletism; Orthodox Church

Chapter.  8316 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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