Chapter

The Iconoclast Controversy 726–843

J. M. Hussey

in The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire

Published in print August 1990 | ISBN: 9780198264569
Published online April 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601170 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198264569.003.0003

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 The Iconoclast Controversy 726–843

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The introductory part discusses the growing cult of the icon in the Orthodox Church and the controversies that this gave rise to in the period 728–843; the cult started in the late sixth and seventh centuries, and is attributed to a need for additional security. The first section discusses the North Syrian rulers and the initial phase of the controversy from 726 to 787: the background to the crisis, the opening actions against icons (iconoclasm) under Leo III, and the further measures taken by Constantine V and the council of 754. The second section discusses the first restoration of the icons, and covers the Empress Irene and the council of Nicaea (787), conflicting currents in 787–843, and Irene and Constantine VI. The third section discusses the second phase of iconoclasm, and the fourth the restoration of orthodoxy (of icon veneration) in 843 under Patriarch Methodius. The last section discusses the significance of the controversy over icons.

Keywords: Byzantium; Constantine V; Constantine VI; council of Nicaea; cults; Empress Irene; iconoclasm; iconoclast controversy; icons; mediaeval history; Orthodox Church; orthodoxy; Patriarch Methodius

Chapter.  16259 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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