Lexical and Explicative Comments

Michael Fishbane

in Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel

Published in print December 1988 | ISBN: 9780198266990
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600593 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

Lexical and Explicative Comments

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A typology of lexical and explicative comments within the Hebrew Bible is presented with diverse examples. Among these is the explicit formulaic use of deictic elements (like ‘that is’; or ‘this means’) followed by a clarifying feature. These are used to explicate unclear or antiquated terms, as well as ambiguities of terms and phrasing, in the biblical sources. Various implicit clarifications, without deictic elements, are noted. A detailed method is established to show this phenomenon, in particular, the comparison of related formulations and texts in different parts of the Hebrew Bible. Use is also made of the various versions of Scriptures (like the Septuagint and Samaritan Pentateuch), as well as the Qumran manuscripts.

Keywords: deictic elements; emendations; explicative comments; interpolations; lexical comments; scribal guilds; scribal practice

Chapter.  10856 words. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

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