Chapter

Scholarship and Religion

Owen Chadwick

in The Early Reformation on the Continent

Published in print December 2001 | ISBN: 9780198269021
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600470 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198269021.003.0003

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 Scholarship and Religion

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Humanist scholarship undoubtedly played a major role in the origins of the Reformation, but scholars themselves were divided between conservatives and reformers. The dominant figure of Erasmus led the way towards reform of the Church, expressing many of the same criticisms as Luther within a framework of pious Catholicism, but rejected the conclusions of the Reformers, especially over the vexed question of free will. The Catholic Church ended up condemning Erasmus, but Luther was equally hostile. His reputation, however, remained intact in Basel, Holland, especially Rotterdam, and among the moderate Lutherans associated with Philip Melanchthon.

Keywords: Erasmus; humanism; Martin Luther

Chapter.  16769 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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