Chapter

Gallo‐Roman Prelude

J. M. Wallace‐Hadrill

in The Frankish Church

Published in print December 1983 | ISBN: 9780198269069
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600777 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198269064.003.0001

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 Gallo‐Roman Prelude

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Looks at the Gallo–Roman religious experience as a heritage for the Frankish (Germanic) Church. In the 5th century, the Gallo–Roman churches (rather than a Church) were separate Christian communities in cities, each under a bishop, and closely related to the structure of the late‐imperial administration; some had ancient origins from the days of persecution. This century was also an age of barbarian invasion and settlement in Gaul, in which the bishops, by and large, stood firm as protectors in the Roman tradition, although not as secular administrators (as their Merovingian successors would become). The various aspects of the period discussed in the chapter include, the radical bishops (who were mostly ascetics), saints, the cults of asceticism (monks) and relics, miracles as proof of sanctity, Rogation days (devised as a city's confession of guilt, probably in the 460s a.d.), and roles of the bishops in administration (in the diocesan sense) and as controllers of an impressive literary tradition. The last part of the chapter examines the role of Caesarius (bishop and metropolitan of Arles from 503 to 543) in the identification of a secular with a Christian community.

Keywords: administration; asceticism; barbarian invasion; bishops; Caesarius; Christian communities; cults; Gallo–Roman churches; Gallo–Roman religion; Gaul; history; literary tradition; miracles; monks; radicalism; relics; religious history; Rogation days; Roman tradition; sanctity; secular communities; settlement; religious history; Rogation days; Roman tradition; sanctity; secular communities; settlement

Chapter.  7754 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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