J. M. Wallace‐Hadrill

in The Frankish Church

Published in print December 1983 | ISBN: 9780198269069
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600777 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church


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Presents an analysis of Charlemagne's reign and unprecedented series of conquering campaigns, stretching over 30 years and more, which cast a lurid light on secular Christianity as understood by Franks. Discusses the fiercely anti‐pagan measures and punishments imposed on conquered nations, the fact that military occupation and enforced conversion went hand in hand, Charlemagne's relations with the Lombards and Rome, his defence of Pope Leo III, who he protected as a refugee and restored to Rome, with the result that he was crowned emperor and Augustus and anointed. The second part of the chapter looks at Charlemagne's inner circle. Topics addressed include: his court; patronage of learning and the influx of learned refugees; the appearance of the first important books associated with the court (including its secular classical holdings); the architecture of his new headquarters at Aachen; teaching, learning and poetry at court; court‐associated historiography; the craftsmanship and authorship of Einhard.

Keywords: architecture; books; Carolingian period; Charlemagne; Charlemagne's court; Christianity; Einhard; enforced conversion; Frankish Church; historiography; history; learning; Lombards; military occupation; papal relations; patronage; poetry; Pope Leo III; religious history; secular Christianity; teaching

Chapter.  11572 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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