Reform and Its Application

J. M. Wallace‐Hadrill

in The Frankish Church

Published in print December 1983 | ISBN: 9780198269069
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600777 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 Reform and Its Application

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An analysis is made of reform of the Frankish Church and its application in the Carolingian period. There are three sections. The first, ‘Legislation and Exhortation’, goes chronologically through the Carolingian kings from Charlemagne to Charles the Bald, looking at the capitularies, deliberations and proposals for reform issued under Charlemagne, the very different atmosphere of the reign of Louis the Pious (monastic rather than episcopal and heavily flavoured with the reforming ideals of his Aquitanian mentor, Benedict of Aniane), the reform decisions promulgated by Charles the Bald, the attitudes his brothers and their descendants, the various council decisions (by assemblies of bishops), and the quarrel between Hincmar of Reims and his nephew and suffragen, Hincmar of Laon. The second section, ‘The Bishops and Reform’, looks at the episcopal record of the period, from councils and synods stretching over a century, and gives details of various resolves, provisions for instruction of the laity by preaching, collections of moral teaching (florilegia), manuals of penance, tithe, and surveillance of the monasteries. The last section, ‘An Exemplary Bishop: Hincmar’, gives an account of Bishop Hincmar of northern Francia, who was born in 806, who became Bishop Hincmar of Reims.

Keywords: assemblies of bishops; Carolingian period; Charlemagne; Charles the Bald; council decisions; episcopal record; Exhortation; florilegia; Frankish Church; Hincmar of Laon; Hincmar of Reims; history; instruction of the laity; laity; Legislation; Louis the Pious; manuals of penance; monasteries; moral teaching; preaching; reform; religious history; synod decisions; tithe

Chapter.  22060 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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