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The Popes and European Revolution

Owen Chadwick

Published in print March 1980 | ISBN: 9780198269199
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600487 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198269196.001.0001

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

The Popes and European Revolution

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The effects of the European Revolution of 1789 to 1815 are described on the papacy and the Catholic Church of the ancient regime compared with that of the early nineteenth century. The book shows how strongly the Counter‐Reformation still worked in Italy during the eighteenth century, how it was the constitutional development of states, rather than the incoming of new ideas that forced change, and how traditional the Catholic world was even in the age of the Enlightenment. It shows reform at work, and the fierce pressure on the papacy that was marked first in the forced suppression of the Jesuits, and afterwards in the kidnapping of two successive popes by French governments. It also shows how revolution in Italy affected Church structures and brought on peasant war, yet encouraged, in a radical form, some improvements of Church life towards which the earlier reformers had striven. Finally, it shows the political swing of the Restoration after the fall of Napoleon, the way in which the Church was already associated with the political right, the great difficulties of restoring church life after the evolutionary years, and the persistence, half unnoticed, of earlier reforming ideas among Catholics. The book is arranged in two main parts (The Church of the old regime, four chapters; and Reform and revolution, four chapters), and there is a brief conclusion.

Keywords: Catholic Church; Counter‐Reformation; Enlightenment; Europe; European Revolution; Italy; Jesuits; Napoleon; papacy; reform; religious history; Restoration

Book.  656 pages. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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Table of Contents

The Religion of the People in The Popes and European Revolution

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The Clergy in The Popes and European Revolution

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Monks and Nuns in The Popes and European Revolution

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The Office of the Pope in The Popes and European Revolution

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The Fall of the Jesuits in The Popes and European Revolution

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The Catholic Reformers in The Popes and European Revolution

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Revolution in The Popes and European Revolution

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Restoration in The Popes and European Revolution

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Conclusion in The Popes and European Revolution

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