Chapter

Monks and Nuns

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print March 1980 | ISBN: 9780198269199
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600487 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198269196.003.0003

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 Monks and Nuns

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An account is given of the position of monks and nuns in the Catholic Church in Europe in the eighteenth century, before the Enlightenment. The following aspects are covered: numbers of monks and nuns, social needs met by monks and nuns, internal strain (tension) in religious orders, the nun's dowry, new orders, the Redemptorists (an Italian order founded in 1732), hermits, critics of the monks, the monastery prison, mortmain, and Joseph II of Austria and the abolition of monasteries and monks.

Keywords: abolition; Austria; Catholic Church; dowry; Europe; history; Italy; monasteries; monks; nun's dowry; nuns; Redemptorists; religious history; religious orders; tension

Chapter.  17975 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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