Chapter

The Fall of the Jesuits

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print March 1980 | ISBN: 9780198269199
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600487 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198269196.003.0005

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 The Fall of the Jesuits

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The Jesuits were the leading order in the Catholic Church in Europe at the Counter‐Reformation, and were regarded as the most papalist and unscrupulous of the Pope's followers. This chapter traces their downfall in the late eighteenth century. The different sections of the chapter cover critics of the Jesuits, Jesuits in Paraguay, the French Jesuits, Pope Clement XIII (1758–69) and support for the Jesuits, the Spanish Jesuits, Jesuits in Naples and in Parma (Italy), Pope Clement XIV Ganganelli (1769–74) against the Jesuits, and the attempt by Jesuits to survive in Prussia and in Russia.

Keywords: Catholic Church; Counter‐Reformation; critics; downfall; Europe; history; Italy; Jesuits; Paraguay; Prussia; religious history; Russia; Spain; survival

Chapter.  20238 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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