Chapter

The Catholic Reformers

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print March 1980 | ISBN: 9780198269199
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600487 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198269196.003.0006

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 The Catholic Reformers

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An account is given of reformers of the Catholic Church in Europe in the eighteenth century, following on from The Counter‐Reformation. This starts with the Jansenists in France, and goes on to discuss (Lodovico Antonio) Muratori (1672–1751), Pietro Tamburini (1672–1750), and Pietro Giannone (1676–1748) in Italy, the Enlightenment, Febronianism and Febronius (a pseudonym of the German anti‐Catholic Johann Chrysostomus Nikolaus von Hontheim, 1701–90), Emperor Joseph II of Austria, Pope Pius VI in Vienna, Leopold of Tuscany, Scipione de’ Ricci, the Diocesan Synod of Pistoia and the constitution of the Church (1786), the riot at Prato (1787), toleration, the attack upon celibacy, and the reform of the liturgy.

Keywords: Austria; Catholic Church; celibacy; constitution; Emperor Joseph II; Europe; Febronianism; France; Giannone; history; von Hontheim; Italy; Jansenism; Leopold of Tuscany; liturgy; Muratori; Pope Pius VI; reform; religious history; de’ Ricci; Tamburini

Chapter.  23303 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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