Nationality and Religion: Tyrol and Poland

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print April 1998 | ISBN: 9780198269229
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600456 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

Nationality and Religion: Tyrol and Poland

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The Tyrol in the nineteenth century maintained its Catholic identity, despite the complications of politics and opening up of communications. In Poland and Ukraine the Uniat church, which combined Orthodox liturgy with recognition of the pope's authority, suffered persecution until the Russian Revolution of 1905, and papal policy did little to help the Uniats. For most Poles in post‐partition Poland Catholicism and national identity were intimately connected. In the Polish revolts of 1831 and 1863 the pope condemned rebellion, but many priests supported nationalism. Relations between the Vatican and the Russian government were broken off in 1864, and after their restoration in 1882 the Tsarist policy was less crudely anti‐Catholic. By 1905 Catholicism had been weakened in the Russian Empire outside the Polish lands, but the sense of identity between the Polish nation and the Church was stronger than ever.

Keywords: Poland; Russo‐Papal relations; Tyrol; Uniats

Chapter.  12891 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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