Chapter

Nationality and Religion: Spain

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print April 1998 | ISBN: 9780198269229
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600456 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198269226.003.0010

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

Nationality and Religion: Spain

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Spain was closely identified historically with Catholicism, but some regions were also strongly anti‐clerical, and religion was a divisive factor in Spanish politics and society throughout the nineteenth century. The Carlist Wars, the Concordat of 1844, and the religious policy of Queen Isabella and her confidant Father Claret all served to identify Catholicism with extreme conservatism. The result was that under liberal regimes religious houses were dissolved and episodes of violent anti‐clericalism became common. Civil wars and persecution also divided the Church into integrist and liberal wings. Standards in seminaries were low and priests paid little attention to preaching, but the religious orders revived in the late nineteenth century. Spanish Protestants remained few in number, but faced extreme hostility from the Church hierarchy.

Keywords: anti‐clericalism, Spanish; Carlism; integrism; Isabella II, Queen of Spain; Jesuits; Protestants, Spanish; Spain

Chapter.  13967 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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