Nationality and Religion: Portugal

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print April 1998 | ISBN: 9780198269229
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600456 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

Nationality and Religion: Portugal

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Portuguese history in the nineteenth century had similar features to that of Spain, including civil war and conflict over the nature of constitutional monarchy, but by comparison with the Spanish, the Church in Portugal was more evenly divided between conservatives and liberals. Portugal was officially a Catholic country, and the Portuguese Church opposed toleration but also stuck to its traditions of independence from Rome and had little influence in the affairs of the papacy. Many of the people were very pious, but much more so in the north than in the more anti‐clerical south. The republican Revolution of 1910 was violently anti‐clerical, and its attack on the Church was not unpopular among the urban working and middle classes.

Keywords: bishops, Portuguese; Portugal; religious orders, Portuguese

Chapter.  6609 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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