Property, Privilege, and Law

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy

Published in print July 1991 | ISBN: 9780198269250
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600708 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 Property, Privilege, and Law

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In principle, bishops were responsible for ecclesiastical revenues, but in practice other powers had secured vested rights over them. Tithes formed a basic part of the income of the church, while efficient bishops were committed to the restoration of alienated estates. The exemption of clergy from royal or civil courts was an issue of vigorous dispute. The formulation of canon law proceeded rapidly: a development against which some critics strongly protested.

Keywords: Alexander III; clerical exemption; criminous clerks; decretals; episcopal estates; Gerhoh of Reichersberg; Gratian; John of Salisbury; tithes

Chapter.  9612 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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