Chapter

The Pontificate of Innocent III (1198–1216)

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy

Published in print July 1991 | ISBN: 9780198269250
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600708 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198269250.003.0018

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 The Pontificate of Innocent III (1198–1216)

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Innocent was one of the youngest popes ever to be elected and was outstanding among the popes of this period. He built up the Papal State in Italy in its later form, and in his attempt to disrupt Hohenstaufen power, sustained a long civil war in Germany, while elaborating the theory of papal authority and defining the limitations of kingship. He was actively committed to reform of the clergy. He also sponsored the Fourth Crusade and planned the Fifth, while taking steps against heresy in the West. Most aspects of his work were summed up in the huge Fourth Lateran Council of 1215.

Keywords: Albigensian crusade; confession; Fourth Lateran; Innocent III; John of England; Langton; papal state

Chapter.  15174 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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