Nicholas Hope

in German and Scandinavian Protestantism 1700-1918

Published in print July 1999 | ISBN: 9780198269946
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600647 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church


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Describes a broad religious awakening in German lands amongst Lutherans and the Reformed and in Lutheran Scandinavia (c.1780–1850). Disruption of the old communal parish order of dependent relationships in village and hometown by state legislation spurred voluntary churchmanship and the gathered congregation. A ‘democratic’ church appeared here and thereafter 1840.

Keywords: communal parish; democratic church; dependent relationships; disruption; gathered congregation; religious awakening; state legislation; voluntary churchmanship

Chapter.  17676 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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