Chapter

High Priesthood in the Deuteronomistic History

Deborah W. Rooke

in Zadok's Heirs

Published in print March 2000 | ISBN: 9780198269984
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600722 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198269986.003.0003

Series: Oxford Theological Monographs

High Priesthood in the Deuteronomistic History

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Explores the evidence of the Deuteronomistic History for high priests in Israel between the periods of settlement and exile. After a brief discussion of the references to Eleazar and Phinehas in Joshua and Judges, the material in Samuel‐Kings is treated in four phases: pre‐monarchic priests (Eli, Ahijah, Ahimelech), priests serving during the emergence of the united monarchy (Abiathar, Zadok, Azariah), chief priests during the divided monarchy (Jehoiada, Uriah), and chief priests after the fall of Samaria (Hilkiah, Seraiah). The sources indicate that, even allowing for the greater‐than‐average prestige of the chief priest at the Jerusalem Temple, none of the priests was anything more than a locally based cultic functionary. This scenario is compatible with the absence of any meaningful centralization of worship during the pre‐exilic period, and with the later position of the monarch as religious and political head of the nation.

Keywords: chief priests during the monarchy; Deuteronomistic History; pre‐monarchic chief priests; Zadok

Chapter.  18054 words. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

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