The Working of the Church–State Alliance

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 1: The Clerical Establishment and its Social Ramifications

Published in print July 1999 | ISBN: 9780198270034
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600685 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 The Working of the Church–State Alliance

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The balance of advantage in cooperation between church and state was shifting inexorably towards the secular power. The Gallican devotion to the monarchy ensured that clergy worked for the state while being supported financially by the Church. So clerics worked as diplomats, as conseillers‐clercs in the Parlements and as chaplains to government and municipal institutions, as well as to the army and navy. The secular authorities asserted greater control over the keeping of marriage and baptismal registers. Religious conformity was imposed by the police authorities, if often in a lax manner, and the church was used for the public reading of legal decisions and monitoires, though these could be ignored, and the interweaving of ecclesiastical and secular authority was increasingly criticized by anticlericals.

Keywords: anticlericalism; army; blasphemy; Calas affair; church courts; navy; Parlements; religious observance

Chapter.  17312 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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