Chapter

The Religious Vocation and Social Usefulness: Men

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 1: The Clerical Establishment and its Social Ramifications

Published in print July 1999 | ISBN: 9780198270034
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600685 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198270038.003.0018

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 The Religious Vocation and Social Usefulness: Men

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Monastic houses were valued for the employment they provided, which could be of vital importance in poor regions, while monks had time to pursue all manner of interests, which could be of social utility. Other functions included the provision of charity and the running of hospitals and maisons de force. The collèges of the teaching orders educated the sons of nobles and bourgeois, with the Oratorians and Doctrinaires replacing the Jesuits in the leading role, while in the later eighteenth century, individual religious set up pensionnats for less well‐off boys. The Frères des Écoles Chrétiennes provided a unique blend of vocationally orientated education combined with strict religious orthodoxy.

Keywords: charity; education; hospitals; medicine; monasteries

Chapter.  12663 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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