Influence of Victorinus' Commentaries on Later Latin Exegetes

Stephen Andrew Cooper

in Marius Victorinus' Commentary on Galatians

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780198270270
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603396 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Early Christian Studies

Influence of Victorinus' Commentaries on Later Latin Exegetes

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This chapter attempts to resolve the question concerning which of the later Latin commentators of the fourth and early fifth century had read Victorinus on Paul. The claim of Harnack that Augustine’s Paulinism was influenced by Victorinus, largely rejected but now maintained by recent scholars again, is sustained by a comparative analysis of the commentaries of Victorinus and Augustine on Galatians. The influence of Victorinus on Ambrosiaster is also apparent and more strongly supported than the case for his influence on Augustine. Jerome is likely to have read Victorinus’ commentary on Galatians, since he argues against the latter’s exegesis of Gal. 2: 11-14. Of the fifteen passages from Galatians discussed in the comparative analysis, twelve suggest the influence of Victorinus on Ambrosiaster and eleven indicate Augustine’s reading of Victorinus’ commentaries. The history of scholarship on this issue is fully discussed.

Keywords: Victorinus; Ambrosiaster; Augustine; Jerome; exegetical parallels; sola fides

Chapter.  31397 words. 

Subjects: Early Christianity

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