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Calendar and Community: The Emergence of the Normative Jewish Calendar

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780198270348
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600753 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198270348.003.0005
 Calendar and Community: The Emergence of the Normative Jewish Calendar

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Investigates why the rabbinic calendar may have developed in this way (see ch.4). Theories based on notions of anti‐Jewish persecution, Christian influence, or scientific progress are inadequate. Instead, it is proposed that as the Palestinian and Babylonian rabbinic communities expanded from the third century, the need was perceived for a single, unanimous rabbinic calendar, which necessarily had to be calculated in advance and fixed. Babylonia played an important role in developing this calendar, culminating with the R. Saadya—Ben Meir controversy in the tenth century, when the Babylonian version of the fixed calendar ultimately prevailed.

Keywords: Babylonia; Christian influence; community; Palestine; persecution; progress; rabbinic; R. Saadya; unanimity

Chapter.  29377 words. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

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