Chapter

Distributive Justice

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community

Published in print December 1990 | ISBN: 9780198278641
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599903 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198278640.003.0007

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

 Distributive Justice

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Could a market economy produce outcomes that meet our criteria of distributive justice? Some egalitarians, such as Carens, have proposed that markets should govern production but not distribution, relying on moral incentives to motivate the producers, but this seems unrealistic. Instead, we can ask whether a suitably framed market might give people the income that they deserved, as measured by their productive contribution. A conception of economic desert is elaborated by considering various challenges to this proposal. The conclusion is that a market socialist economy can at least come close to achieving distributive justice.

Keywords: Joseph Carens; desert; distributive justice; egalitarianism; Friedrich Hayek; income; luck; market; moral incentives

Chapter.  10014 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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