The Revenge of Nations, 1870–?

Erica Benner

in Really Existing Nationalisms

Published in print December 1995 | ISBN: 9780198279594
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598791 | DOI:
 The Revenge of Nations, 1870–?

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This chapter reconsiders the view that the bankruptcy of Marx and Engels’ national thinking was exposed by working‐class nationalism in the First World War, and revealed time and again by the superior appeal of national over class or internationalist loyalties. After reappraising their explanations of militarism and its effects on popular nationalism, the continuing relevance of their approach is assessed. Against critics who denigrate Marx and Engels’ refusal to explain nationalism as an independent political force and national identity as a source of intrinsic moral values, the book concludes that these features of their approach should be seen as strengths, not weaknesses.

Keywords: capitalism; communism; First World War; internationalism; militarism; moral values; national identity; nationalism; war; working class

Chapter.  17547 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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