Chapter

The ‘Migration Crisis’ and the Genesis of Europe's New Diversity

Carl-Ulrik Schierup

in Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare State

Published in print March 2006 | ISBN: 9780198280521
Published online May 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603730 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198280521.003.0002

Series: European Societies

The ‘Migration Crisis’ and the Genesis of Europe's New Diversity

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In the early 1990s, politicians, media, and public opinion perceived the growing entries of migrants and asylum seekers to Western and southern Europe as a ‘migration crisis’ likely to threaten economic prosperity and national identity. In fact, migration declined in the mid-1990s, only to grow again at the beginning of the new century. At the same time, descendents of earlier migrants formed visible new minorities. The growing porosity of borders and diversity of populations coincided with a fundamental change in the character of welfare states and class relations in Europe. This chapter charts the ‘turning points’ in the process that has undermined traditional ideas of monocultural identities, discusses the challenges this poses for European societies, and examines a range of approaches to managing migration and diversity.

Keywords: migration; migration policy; asylum; minorities; diversity; multiculturalism; citizenship

Chapter.  12207 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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