Joseph V. Femia

in Against the Masses

Published in print August 2001 | ISBN: 9780198280637
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599231 | DOI:

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Summarizes the various arguments of the book and further explores the idea of unanticipated consequences and its significance for democratic and anti‐democratic thought. Anti‐democratic thinkers assume that their opponents ignore the unpredictable nature of reality but so do they. Most of their dire forecasts have not come to pass. Yet these ‘reactionaries’ have alerted us to the limitations of democratic thought: its indifference to the problems posed by cultural relativity and growing social complexity.

Keywords: anti‐democratic thought; cultural relativity; democracy; reactionaries; social complexity; unanticipated consequences

Chapter.  5446 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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