The Institutional Environment

W. Mark Fruin

in The Japanese Enterprise System

Published in print June 1994 | ISBN: 9780198288985
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191596285 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

 The Institutional Environment

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This chapter examines the institutional environment of late nineteenth and early twentieth‐century Japan, highlighting the role of government and emerging private firms in shaping the business and economic environment of early modern Japan. It argues that the government tried to foster cooperation among Japan's nascent firms while the firms themselves more often adopted a competitive stance. The different sections of the chapter discuss the distinctiveness of the early Japanese enterprise system, the institutional context of the corporation, the emergence of the modern enterprise system, the evolution of business traditions, comparative perspectives on organizational forms and attributes, the modern corporate system, and the role of entrepreneurs and new methods and motivation within this.

Keywords: business competition; business cooperation; business traditions; corporate system; economic environment; enterprise system; entrepreneurs; government; history; institutional environment; Japanese corporation; Japanese firms; motivation; organizational forms; private firms

Chapter.  14470 words. 

Subjects: Business and Management

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