Chapter

Defining the Enterprise System

W. Mark Fruin

in The Japanese Enterprise System

Published in print June 1994 | ISBN: 9780198288985
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191596285 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198288980.003.0005

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

 Defining the Enterprise System

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This chapter focuses on the inter‐war years in Japan and argues that the focal factories, unitary, specialized firms, and interfirm networks that fully define the Japanese enterprise system appeared at this time. As a result, when Japan recovered economically after the Pacific War, the business organizations of the post‐war era not surprisingly mirrored those of the pre‐war period. The different sections of the chapter look at large modern corporations from 1918 to 1954 (their size and organizational complexity, evolving structures, and strategies), present a typology of inter‐war enterprises (using the same three categories as ch. 4 – zaibatsu, independent urban, independent rural firms), and look towards the emergence of large, modern enterprises.

Keywords: enterprise system; focal factories; history; history; independent rural firms; independent urban firms; interfirm networks; inter‐war enterprises; Japanese corporation; Japanese firms; post‐war enterprises; unitary firms; zaibatsu firms

Chapter.  15915 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Business and Management

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