Starts with the question of whether anthropometric failure as such, or the consequences of being stunted and/or underweight, should be the main concern (there are different schools of thought). Another issue discussed is that inadequate anthropometric status can be the consequence of primary illness rather than under‐ or malnutrition. Furthermore, the links from anthropometric failure in various dimensions and increased risks for impaired health and functions in subsequent periods are identified. A simple model for delineating the share of child mortality that is attributable to anthropometric failure is suggested, and some tentative estimates are produced for sub‐Saharan Africa and South Asia. Also, the consequences of child anthropometric failure (for those surviving) later in adult life are analysed (e.g. cognitive ability, labour productivity, and reproductive capacity).
Keywords: Africa; anthropometric failure; Asia; child mortality; cognitive ability; labour productivity; reproductive capacity; stunted; underweight
Chapter. 10680 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Economic Development and Growth
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