Chapter

On Reasons for Child Mortality and Anthropometric Failure

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition

Published in print October 2000 | ISBN: 9780198292685
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191596957 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198292686.003.0015

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

 On Reasons for Child Mortality and Anthropometric Failure

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An econometric model is set up with the aim of explaining the inter‐country difference in child mortality, and also in the prevalence of underweight among young children. The subsequent tests suggest that (low) per‐capita income is by far the most significant determinant of both mortality and underweight. Also, income‐level adjusted measurements of adult literacy, provision of basic public services (health care, sanitation, and safe water), and a dummy variable for sub‐Saharan African countries, turn out significant. All in all, the model explains some 80% of the inter‐country (73 observations) variation in child mortality. The test of child underweight is somewhat less powerful: per‐capita income, degree of urbanization, and a dummy for the six South Asian countries, explain some two‐thirds of the inter‐country variance.

Keywords: Africa; Asia; child mortality; child underweight; health; literacy; public services; safe water; sanitation; urbanization

Chapter.  8086 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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