Chapter

Balancing Against Threats: The Rise and Fall of the Sino‐Soviet Alliance

Rosemary Foot

in The Practice of Power

Published in print April 1997 | ISBN: 9780198292920
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599286 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198292929.003.0005
 Balancing Against Threats: The Rise and Fall of the Sino‐Soviet Alliance

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This is the first of four chapters focusing on America’s perceptions of China’s capabilities, and dwelling on the correspondence between those perceptions and the projected consequences. It presents an analysis of the rise and fall of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance, which was signed in February 1950, and represented one of the most significant alliances of the post-war period. The focus is on US perceptions of Chinese power during successive phases in the Sino-Soviet relationship: the perceived impact of the alliance on China’s capabilities and levels of security; the effects of its demise on Beijing and on the socialist bloc generally; and finally, the consequences of its eventual replacement in the 1970s by a tacit alignment between China and the United States.

Keywords: alignment; Alliance; American perceptions of Chinese power; China, China’s capabilities; China’s levels of security; Mutual Assistance; power; Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship; socialist bloc; United States

Chapter.  11910 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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