Chapter

Three Constitutional Crises

Vernon Bogdanor

in The Monarchy and the Constitution

Published in print November 1997 | ISBN: 9780198293347
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598821 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198293348.003.0005
Three Constitutional Crises

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The three constitutional crises examined are that caused by the rejection by the House of Lords of Lloyd George's `People's Budget’ of 1909; that caused by the Home Rule Act of 1914; and the abdication in 1936. Each of these crises posed difficult problems for the sovereigns involved—George V and Edward VIII—and for their Prime Ministers—Asquith and Baldwin. In 1914, George V seriously contemplated refusing royal assent to legislation passed by Parliament. In 1936, abdication, a voluntary renunciation, seemed a threat to the very institution of monarchy, which depends upon automatic hereditary descent. But, paradoxically, the abdication heralded a vote of confidence for monarchy and the new style of limited, constitutional monarchy, as represented by George VI.

Keywords: abdication; constitution; constitutional crises; constitutional monarchy; hereditary descent; House of Lords; Irish Home Rule; royal assent

Chapter.  13759 words. 

Subjects: UK Politics

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