Exploitation versus Real Freedom

Philippe Van Parijs

in Real Freedom for All

Published in print November 1997 | ISBN: 9780198293576
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600074 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Political Theory

 Exploitation versus Real Freedom

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By providing a modest income even to those who do not want to work, is one not institutionalizing the exploitation of hard workers by free riders? There would definitely be ‘Lockean exploitation’, and hence violation of the ‘Creators Keepers’ principle, and there would be ‘Lutheran exploitation’ and hence lack of proportionality between effort and reward. But neither of these conceptions of exploitation makes normative sense. By contrast, ‘Roemerian exploitation’, or asset‐based inequality, does make normative sense. But it does not endorse an ethical indictment of an unconditional income. Quite the contrary.

Keywords: asset‐based inequality; Creators Keepers; exploitation; free riders; hard workers; Lockean; Luther; proportionality between effort and reward; Roemer; unconditional income

Chapter.  25000 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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