Chapter

Decline and Revival

Maurizio Viroli

in For Love of Country

Published in print October 1997 | ISBN: 9780198293583
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600289 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198293585.003.0003
 Decline and Revival

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The mid‐sixteenth to seventeenth centuries in Europe saw a general decline in republican patriotism due to the emergence of the modern state, which was disassociated with civic virtue and common liberty. Neo‐Stoicism also criticized patriotism as an illusory passion, which subordinated the higher life of the mind. On the other hand, the republican spirit was revived wherever there was a struggle for liberty, as in the English Revolution. Thinkers like Milton, Shaftesbury, and Bolingbroke contemplated the tension inherent in questions of patriotism, between particular, natural attachments, and universal, political principles.

Keywords: attachments; Bolingbroke; English Revolution; Milton; neo‐stoicism; politics; principles; Shaftesbury; state

Chapter.  8587 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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