Chapter

Political Equality and Fair Representation

Anne Phillips

in The Politics of Presence

Published in print October 1998 | ISBN: 9780198294153
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600098 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198294158.003.0002

Series: Oxford Political Theory

 Political Equality and Fair Representation

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Considers whether a case for ensuring the equal representation of women and men or proportionate representation of ethnic minority groups can be extracted from the twin democratic principles of political equality and popular control. It argues that it is necessary to move beyond these to an alternative justification grounded in existing structures of political exclusion. Four key arguments are explored: the importance of symbolic representation; the need to tackle the exclusions inherent in the party‐political packaging of ideas; the need for more vigorous advocacy on behalf of disadvantaged groups; and the importance of a politics of presence in opening up a wider range of policy options.

Keywords: advocacy; democracy; ethnic minorities; exclusion; party politics; policy options; political equality; political representation; symbolic representation; women

Chapter.  11811 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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