Chapter

Quotas for Women

Anne Phillips

in The Politics of Presence

Published in print October 1998 | ISBN: 9780198294153
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600098 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198294158.003.0003

Series: Oxford Political Theory

 Quotas for Women

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In recent decades, a significant number of political parties have taken steps to increase the representation of women in national assemblies, often by introducing gender quotas. The arguments for this fall into four categories: those that dwell on the role model that successful women politicians offer; those that appeal to principles of justice between the sexes; those that identify particular interests of women that would otherwise be overlooked; and those that see women as introducing new forms of political behaviour. The case for quotas depends on the idea that interests are gendered, but should not presume a unitary set of women's interests. The use of quotas raises new questions about the accountability of representatives to their constituents.

Keywords: accountability; essentialism; feminism; gender quotas; justice; political behaviour; political parties; role models; women's interests; women's representation

Chapter.  10591 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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