Chapter

Political Judgment

Alexander Kaufman

in Welfare in the Kantian State

Published in print March 1999 | ISBN: 9780198294672
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599637 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198294670.003.0006
 Political Judgment

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Kant's argument for ‘man under moral laws’ as the ‘final purpose of creation’, to which all subjective purposiveness in experience must be subordinated, provides the basis for subordinating the teleological interpretation of experience to an account of the necessary commitments of a rational subject. This argument thus grounds the practical employment of teleological judgement. The faculty of teleological judgement may therefore ground judgements through which the metaphysical principles of right may constrain and influence the content of positive law. In addition, Kant's argument for man under moral law as a final purpose of creation constitutes the basis for Kant's otherwise obscure claim, in Perpetual Peace and Conflict of the Faculties, that rational beings are obligated to further the realization of the highest political good (a form of civil society in which citizens, through legal motivation, act consistently with the requirements of morality).

Keywords: analogical reasoning; civil society; highest political good; morality; positive law; purpose of nature; reflective judgement; teleological judgement

Chapter.  10262 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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