Chapter

Framing EMU as a New Vincolo Esterno: Policy Entrepreneurs, Co‐Ordination, and Reflection in Italy, 1988–1990

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht

Published in print October 1999 | ISBN: 9780198296386
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599125 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019829638X.003.0012
 Framing EMU as a New Vincolo Esterno: Policy Entrepreneurs, Co‐Ordination, and Reflection in Italy, 1988–1990

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Domestically, elites and the mass public were so united in giving high priority to maintaining Italy's position in ‘Europe’ that its substance elicited little public debate. Yet, the demands of the EMU negotiations challenged the traditional diffuseness of state administration and the mores of the partitocrazia. Thus, a window of opportunity appeared for technocratic policy leadership over the EMU negotiations. A small nucleus of officials within the core executive acted in relative isolation as policy entrepreneurs. Especially at the start, the policy style was essentially reactive but it came to display clarity, coherence, and consistency in the positions adopted. Paradoxically, a ‘weak’ state displayed strong policy coordination.

Keywords: Giulio Andreotti; Guido Carli; Carlo Azeglio Ciampi; core executive; Italy; Gianni De Michelis; policy coordination; policy entrepreneurship; policy leadership; Tommaso Padoa‐Schioppa

Chapter.  11190 words. 

Subjects: European Union

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