Chapter

Which Political Competencies for Which Political Level?

Bernhard Wessels and Achim Kielhorn

in The European Parliament, National Parliaments, and European Integration

Published in print June 1999 | ISBN: 9780198296607
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599620 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198296606.003.0009
 Which Political Competencies for Which Political Level?

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Why has economic integration been followed by political integration, and what are the factors of resistance working against it? This chapter takes a rationalistic and institutional perspective on the process of shifting competencies in the EU. Drawing on the debate about globalization, the hypotheses that the globalization of problems and the globalization of the economy are of crucial importance are tested, and are found to clearly support policy shift. From the debate about institutions as constraints and facilitators of action, a further two hypotheses are derived. Vested interests are found to place an institutional constraint on political flexibility, and national institutional settings are found to account for the differences in support for shifting competencies between members of national parliaments.

Keywords: globalization; institutions; policy competencies

Chapter.  6669 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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