The literature on the sources of Chinese agricultural growth after 1978 has emphasized the role played in the process by the decollectivization of the early 1980s. However, as this chapter shows, agricultural growth owed much to the agency of the Chinese state. The shift in the internal terms of trade towards agriculture played a big part. So too did good weather, the completion of a large number of irrigation projects launched by the Maoist state, the availability of high‐yield crop varieties (HYVs) for the first time, growing production of chemical fertilizer, and the relaxation of procurement quotas. So potent, indeed, were these factors that the growth rate of Chinese agriculture began to accelerate in the mid‐1970s––well before decollectivization.
Keywords: agriculture; decollectivization; fertilizer; HYVs; irrigation; prices; quotas; weather
Chapter. 12401 words.
Subjects: Economic Development and Growth
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