The Multiculturalism of Fear

Jacob T. Levy

in The Multiculturalism of Fear

Published in print August 2000 | ISBN: 9780198297123
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599767 | DOI:
The Multiculturalism of Fear

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A liberal political theory, which is centrally concerned with preventing political violence, cruelty, and institutional humiliation, one that draws on Montesquieu, was named ‘the liberalism of fear’ by Judith Shklar. Such a liberalism must come to terms with the facts of multiculturalism, since ethnic and nationalist conflicts are among the most important sources of those evils. Such a liberalism of fear is a useful normative theory for thinking about multiculturalism and ethnic conflict, preferable to a multiculturalism of recognition, a multiculturalism of rights, and consociational pluralism. Political theories that are chiefly concerned with avoiding evils need not be liberal, and liberalism need not have that character; but a liberalism of fear is particularly well suited to the analysis of multiculturalism.

Keywords: consociationalism; cruelty; ethnic conflict; liberalism of fear; Montesquieu; multiculturalism; nationalism; recognition; rights; Judith Shklar

Chapter.  9474 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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