Chapter

The Transition to the Market

Federico Varese

in The Russian Mafia

Published in print August 2001 | ISBN: 9780198297369
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600272 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019829736X.003.0002
The Transition to the Market

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An account is given of the transition from a state-run to a market economy in Russia, since the crucial argument presented in the book is that the Russian Mafia emerged as a consequence of an imperfect transition. The chapter explores the extent to which the post-Soviet Russian state emerged either as an impartial protector of rights or, on the other hand, as an erratic, predatory, and non-impartial supplier of protection. The first section of the chapter looks briefly at the emergence of the legal and tax systems, and the rise in crime and corruption, and the second discusses property rights and the growing demand for protection. The last section presents the main actors involved in the transition – enterprise managers, industrial ministers, workers, and local governments and Boris Yeltsin’s reform team, and attempts to see which of these lobbies were best positioned to engage in collective action to determine some aspects of the transition, and the final outcome.

Keywords: property rights; protection of property rights; Russia; Russian Mafia; state protection; transition to the market; transitional economy

Chapter.  7784 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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