Chapter

Challenge and Crisis, 1985–1991

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev

Published in print March 2000 | ISBN: 9780198297383
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599842 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198297386.003.0006
Challenge and Crisis, 1985–1991

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There were high levels of turnover in the Central Committee during the Gorbachev years, reflecting the new leader's conviction that the renewal of party and government officials was essential to the achievement of perestroika. The composition of the Central Committee elite changed in parallel as the job‐slot system was modified and then abandoned. Figures of the ‘third generation’, born in the 1920s and 1930s, were able to advance to membership at this time, including the Ukrainian regional first secretary V. E. Dobrik and the communications industry minister E. K. Pervyshin. A few were from the ‘fourth generation’, such as Komsomol leader V. M. Mishin. Meetings of the Central Committee itself became more frequent and substantive, but it reflected widening differences within the party and failed to provide a mechanism through which its members could exercise effective control over party policy or over the leadership that spoke in their name.

Keywords: Central Committee; V. E. DobrikGorbachev, Mikhail; jobs; Komsomol; leadership; V. M. Mishin; party policy; perestroika; E. K. Pervyshin

Chapter.  23347 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Politics

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