Chapter

Elite and Society

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev

Published in print March 2000 | ISBN: 9780198297383
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599842 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198297386.003.0007
Elite and Society

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The Central Committee was never a ‘representative’ elite. Like other revolutionary elites, it was disproportionately male and well educated; but it was generally more representative of the mass membership and of the population as a whole than the national party leadership. A system for the distribution of material benefits gradually developed to service its requirements, one that came increasingly to identify Central Committee members as a privileged group of a kind that had been characterized by Trotsky as a bureaucracy. But there were internal divisions and internal safeguards that helped to prevent the formation of an exploitative as well as politically dominant group.

Keywords: bureaucracy; Central Committee; elite; leadership; membership; privilege; safeguards; Trotsky

Chapter.  16715 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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