Chapter

An Evolving Elite

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev

Published in print March 2000 | ISBN: 9780198297383
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599842 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198297386.003.0008
An Evolving Elite

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Across the years of its existence, the USSR witnessed three elite revolutions: in 1917, when the Tsarist elite was replaced by a Bolshevik elite of professional revolutionaries; during the Purges, when the ‘second generation’ moved into positions of power; and under Gorbachev, when levels of turnover in the Central Committee were at their highest, although they were not sufficient to bring many of the ‘fourth generation’ into the political elite. Considerable numbers of the Central Committee membership, however, retained their status into the post‐communist years, and they took part in a wider transition from political position (which had become insecure) to the more enduring advantage of property.

Keywords: Central Committee; elite; Gorbachev; political generation; post‐communist era; property; purges; revolution

Chapter.  14624 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Politics

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