Chapter

Finland: Polarized Pluralism in the Shadow of a Strong President

Tapio Raunio and Matti Wiberg

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print November 2003 | ISBN: 9780198297840
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602016 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019829784X.003.0008

Series: Comparative Politics

Finland: Polarized Pluralism in the Shadow of a Strong President

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Describes the chain of delegation in the context of a semi-presidential democracy. The Finnish president has wide-ranging powers and is a strong political player, which influences the patterns of delegation and accountability in Finland. The chain of delegation and accountability in Finnish democracy is influenced by a number of constraints relating to political parties, the party system, and the power of various kinds of external agents (i.e. interest organizations and international actors like the European Union).

Keywords: civil servants; corporatism; European union; fragmentation; interest organizations; party system; political parties; semi-presidentialism

Chapter.  11428 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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